Evolution of Bicyclus Wing Patterns
By Samuel Arbesman

Run the Program Now:
Ancient Wings

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The wing portion modeled by Ancient Wings

A Screenshot from Ancient Wings

Phylogenetic trees of taxa are often created and used for the calculation of ancestral traits of the internal nodes of these trees. However, seldom are these ancestral traits visualized in an intuitive manner. 

Ancient Wings allows users to see how the ventral hindwing of 54 butterflies in the genus Bicyclus have changed over time. By clicking on each of the nodes within the evolutionary tree, the user can see how eyespots' sizes and positions relative to the wing have evolved. The ancestral wing pattern traits were calculated using COMPARE 4.4, a program by Amelia Martins of Indiana University. The phylogenetic tree and its historical calibration are by Antonia Monteiro of SUNY at Buffalo.

Run the Program: Ancient Wings

(requires the latest version of Macromedia Flash Player - see sidebar for downloading information).

Read the Documentation: HTML or in PDF

Go back to Antonia Monteiro's web page

Get other files:

Evolutionary tree supplementary diagram - pdf file (24 kb)
Datafile used for program - Excel speadsheet (96 kb)
Flash file with source code - .fla file (6.5 mb)

Contact Sam Arbesman or Contact Antonia Monteiro

Copyright © 2002 SUNY at Buffalo